Handbook Of Digital Techniques For HighSpeed Design Design Examples Signaling And Memory Techno
TOM GRANBERG has earned several technical degrees-a B.S. in Physics from Washington State University and an M.S. and Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from the University of Missouri-Columbia. He also holds an M.B.A. from the University of Colorado at Denver. Tom has worked for dominant networking companies Cisco Systems and SkyStream Networks and in ASIC design emulation at Quickturn Design Systems (a Cadence Company). He has also worked in digital signal processing, digital imaging systems, and flat panel sensors, and at companies including Condor Systems, Martin Marietta (now Lockheed Martin), Storage Technology, and Honeywell Test Instruments. He lives in Santa Clara, California-the heart of the Silicon Valley-and enjoys access to many of the world 's newest technologies.
Handbook Of Digital Techniques For HighSpeed Design Design Examples Signaling And Memory Techno
Abstract:This paper describes the design, implementation, and testing of a novel multi-function software defined Radio Frequency (RF) system designed for small airborne drone applications. The system was created using an inexpensive Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) to combine a coherent linear frequency modulated radar transmitter and receiver, with a Digital Radio Frequency Memory (DRFM) jammer for use with a common RF aperture in simultaneous operation. The system was implemented on a Xilinx Kintex-7 FPGA with a wideband analogue-to-digital/ digital-to-analogue (ADC/DAC) converter mezzanine board and tested using hardware-in-the-loop mode to validate its performance. This is the first known account of an integrated multifunction electronic attack and radar system on a single chip, capable of performing a simultaneous, not time shared, operation.Keywords: radar; electronic warfare; FPGA; electronic attack; digital radio frequency memory; electronic support
In consumer electronics, component digital video signal generation and acquisition may require up to five distinct signals: the three primary video signals, H-Sync, and V-Sync. With T&S, arbitrary waveform generators and digitizers can be synchronized to generate and acquire high-definition video signals respectively, with pixel rates that can approach 165 MHz. CMOS imaging sensors, a technology expected to become mainstream with the prevalence of camera phones and digital cameras, is an example of mixed-signal technology whereby an arbitrary waveform generator, digitizer, and digital pattern analyzer are synchronized for design validation and verification of the chip or chip set.
The array processor digital hearing aid was designed as a research tool (ie, a master hearing aid) for exploring the potential of DSP in hearing aids. An important feature of its design was that it could be used to simulate experimental hearing aids. As illustrated by the preceding account of the difficulties encountered in actually constructing a digital hearing aid, a basic problem in hearing aid research up until that time was that any new idea for improving signal processing required that an instrument be constructed to evaluate the technique. In most cases, the evaluation of the experimental technique was negative, and it was not clear whether the fault lay in the limitations of the hardware implementation or whether it resulted from a fundamental limitation of the technique itself. There are many examples in hearing aid research in which new ideas were tried and found to be wanting and then tried again some time later, with better equipment and usually (but not always) with better results.49
The first commercial sampled-data hearing aid, the Argosy Electronics 3-Channel-Clock hearing aid, was designed by David Preves at the end of the 1980s.106 It consisted of 3 channels with an adjustable frequency response that was far superior to earlier digitally controlled analog devices. The frequency response was determined by the clock rate, hence, its unusual name. The Ensoniq Sound Selector was another early sampled-data hearing aid with low power consumption and excellent frequency-shaping capabilities.107 The instrument was manufactured by an electronic keyboard company and incorporated well-tried sampled data technology that had proven its worth in another highly competitive market. The Ensoniq Sound Selector had 13 frequency channels, allowing for much greater programmable frequency resolution than previously available.
This was a period of rapid change in the hearing aid industry. New hearing aids embodying novel designs with increasingly more complex signal processing were introduced in quick succession by different manufacturers. At the same time, work progressed intensely on developing the ultimate prize: a true digital hearing aid. The main problem in developing a commercially viable digital hearing aid was that of reducing the size and power consumption of the digital chips. Analog chips for hearing aid applications had been refined over many years so that even when digital chips were developed with an acceptable level of power consumption and small enough for use in a practical hearing aid, there remained the problem of competing with analog technology that was well established with chips of even smaller size and lower power consumption. Advances in digital chip technology continued steadily over the years, so that it was essentially a matter of time before digital chips became competitive with analog chips for hearing aid applications.
Boolean algebra and digital logic gates. Design with two- and multilevel combinational logic. Basic memory elements, latches, flip-flops, SRAM and DRAM cells. Timing methodologies. Synchronous and asynchronous designs. Counters. Finite-state machines. Designs with programmable logic. Basic computer organization. Three lectures, one laboratory. Prerequisite: an introductory programming course, or equivalent programming experience.
An introduction to computer architecture and organization. Instruction set design; basic processor implementation techniques; performance measurement; cashes and virtual memory; pipelined processor design; design trade-offs among cost, performance, and complexity. Prerequisite: COS 217.
The implementation of digital systems using integrated circuit technology. Emphasis on structured design methodologies for VLSI systems. Topics include: design rules for metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) integrated circuits, implementation of common digital components, tools for computer-aided design, novel architectures for VLSI systems. Three hours of lectures. Prerequisite: 203 and 206.
Blockchains are decentralized digital trust engines that are the underlying technology behind Web3, a loosely defined denotation of the Internet architecture in the years to come, including decentralization of the platform economy of the modern Internet (Web2). In this course, we conduct a full-stack study of blockchains, viewing them as a whole integrated computer system involving networking, incentives, consensus, data structures, cryptography and memory management. The course uses the Bitcoin architecture as a basis to construct the foundational design and algorithmic principles of blockchains. Prerequisites: The basic prerequisites are a maturity with algorithms (COS 226), probability and computer systems (COS 316). Experience with computer security (COS/ECE 432) and networking (COS/ECE 461) will be helpful.
Power electronics circuits are critical building blocks in a wide range of applications, ranging from mW-scale portable devices, W-scale telecom servers, kW-scale motor drives, to MW-scale solar farms. This course is a design-oriented course and will present fundamental principles of power electronics. Topics include: 1) circuit elements;2) circuit topology; 3) system modeling and control; 4) design methods and practical techniques. Numerous design examples will be presented in the class, such as solar inverters, data center power supplies, radio-frequency power amplifiers, and wireless power transfer systems. Prerequisite 203. 308 recommended only.
Analysis and design of digital integrated circuits using deep sub-micron CMOS technologies as well as emerging and post-CMOS technologies (Si finFETs, III-V, carbon). Emphasis on design, including synthesis, simulation, layout and post-layout verification. Analysis of energy, power, performance, area of logic-gates, interconnect and signaling structures.
Case studies in electronic design automation. Focus on fundamental techniques with applications in multiple problems. Current topics include two-level logic minimization, Boolean function representation and manipulation, technology mapping for logic circuits, floor planning, cell placement and routing, timing verification, behavioral synthesis. Work includes research paper presentations, assignments and a final project.
This course presents fundamental principles and design techniques of power electronics. Topics include 1) circuit elements: semiconductor devices, magnetic components, and filters; 2) circuit topology: canonical switching cells of power converters, inverters, rectifiers, dc-dc converters and ac-dc converters; 3) system modeling and control: small signal modeling, feedback control and system stability analysis; 4) design methods: gate drive, magnetic optimization, electromagnetic interference and thermal management. Numerous practical design examples are presented in class.
A course designed for graduate students in the sciences and engineering, particularly those in the masters of engineering program, who are interested in starting up high tech companies early in their careers or who want to join as key contributors new emerging technology companies after graduation. Class sessions are with the undergraduate students enrolled in ELE491. Graduate students will be required to meet and participate in four 90-minute seminars, with special readings and assignments, to address in more detail the techniques for analyzing technologies for commercial feasibility and developing new products that create commercial success